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Excerpted from "Social Security Handbook". See the up-to-date, official Social Security Handbook at

Parent Defined

422. Parent Defined

422.1 Who is considered a "parent" for Social Security purposes?

You are considered the parent of the insured person if, under applicable State law, it is found that you have the status of parent with respect to the taking of intestate personal property at the time of the insured person's death.

422.2 What does under "applicable State law" mean?

Applicable State law is either:

  1. The law applied by the courts of the State where the insured person was domiciled at the time he or she died; or

  2. The law applied by the District of Columbia if the insured person was not domiciled in any State at the time of his or her death.

Last Revised: March, 2001

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question - benefits for baby

February 4, 2013 by adrian lopez

can my 6 month old baby get benefits since his father is in prison for 10 or more years , the welfare said he don't qualify for cash aid because my 14 year old gets survivors benefits,

Social Security benefits for a child

February 4, 2013 by David Luhman

I see three possible ways the child MIGHT qualify for benefits :

  • If the child has a disability and family income is limited (SSI)
  • If the child has a parent who is currently receiving Social Security disability or retirement benefits
  • If the child has a deceased parent

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