You are not eligible for SSI benefits for the month or months that you are:
Outside the United States for a full calendar month or more; and
Not a child living outside the United States with a parent in the military service or a student temporarily abroad for the purpose of studying.
If you have been outside the United States for 30 days in a row, you are not considered "back" until you have spent 30 days in a row in the United States.
After an absence of 30 days in a row, your SSI eligibility may resume effective with the day following the 30th day of your continuous presence in the United States. You must continue to meet all other eligibility criteria.
A blind or disabled child may be eligible for SSI benefits while outside the United States if the child:
Is a United States citizen; and
Lives with a parent who is a member of the U.S. armed forces assigned to permanent duty ashore outside the United States
A student of any age may be eligible for SSI benefits while temporarily outside the United States if:
The student is conducting studies that are not available in the United States;
The student is sponsored by an educational institution in the United States;
The studies abroad are designed to enhance the student's ability to get gainful employment; and
The student was eligible to receive a SSI benefit for the month before the first full month outside the United States.
Last Revised: Jul. 1, 2004
Social Security Handbook